Modifiers

Jun. 6th, 2011 10:50 pm
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Adjectives in Tengarsa have ‘strong’ and ‘weak’, with strong being the basic noun-phrase adjective (modifying a noun) or functioning as a noun, and weak forms either modifying verbs or another adjective.

The weak adjective class is essentially an adverbial role, but Tengarsa does not recognize them as two word classes, but instead as two halves of one word class.

Modifiers: Adjectives (and 'Adverbs') )

Verbs

Jun. 6th, 2011 10:23 pm
nyxelestia: Rose Icon (Default)
In English, we have a present tense (eat) and a past tense (ate), with participle forms (eaten) and progressive forms (eating). Everything else a “modal” form – i.e. ‘will eat’ for a future tense.

In Tengarsa, you have present and future tense – the past tense is a modal construct. All verbs have strong verb and weak verb tendencies, with the basic tenses made via changing the first vowel of the verb, and the aspects done by adding suffixes to the verbs.

Verbs )
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There are eleven noun cases in Tengarsa, with the noun stem being the singular nominative.

Each noun also has three numeric forms. Like English, there is singular, and plural. But there is an additional sub-plural form meaning dual, trial, pental, septemal, or tredecal – if there are 2, 3, 5, 7, or 13 of a noun. This is called the “magic plural”, with the numbers in question coming up often with holy or special meanings in magic. You rarely find them outside of the Spellcraft mode.

A Note on Stress

While it's not a hard and fast rule, if the same word with a similar meaning is both the verb stem and the noun stem (i.e. "sares" is both "(a) welcome" and "to welcome"), then the tendency is the stress the first syllable when it's in noun form, and the second syllable while it's in verb form. So while sares is "a welcome, the welcome", sares is "to welcome".

Nouns )
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There are four word orders to know – the ones used in spell craft, and the ones used in conversation.

The spellcraft one came first, with the conversational one coming later so untrained sorcerers didn’t accidentally cast spells within day to day communication. In both types, there is the statement or indicative word order, and then the word order used in questions.

While most case-declined languages have a free form word order, in Tengarsa the word order is still necessary, and reinforced, as case and word order can determine whether or not it's a spell, and if it's a question or a statement.

Spellcraft Word Order


  • Statements: Object-Verb-Subject
  • Questions: Object-Subject-Verb
    • (rare form – you don’t really ask questions often when casting spells)

The rare object-first word order of Tengarsa is derived from the spells tendency to name first the receiver or target of the spell, then the spell or command itself, with the agent coming last.

Conversational Word Order


  • Statements: Verb-Object-Subject
  • Questions: Verb-Subject-Object

Here, the verb is placed first to emphasize action (at least according to the magic community).

Order of Objects


In both modes, object order is direct objects, then indirect objects.

Adjectives



The degree of restrictiveness of an adjective in relation to the noun is determined by the word order. A restrictive adjective precedes the noun it is modifying, while a non-restrictive adjective will follow the noun it is modifying.

Tengarsa

May. 24th, 2011 12:46 am
nyxelestia: Rose Icon (Default)
This is a conlang I made for my [livejournal.com profile] paperlegends fic's universe. While it probably will never get used, I am having a lot of fun making it, so here it is!

The Tengarsa is a language of magic – literally. It’s the language used to make chants and ceremonies and spells, as well as being a language of communication for the Druids and just about any other West European sorcerer, and, in turn, their cultural/colonial descendents (i.e. America, as an ex-colony of Britain). Like English is the most widely spoken trade language, Old Tongue is the most widely spoken magic language.

The language has two parts or modes – the part used for “Spellcraft” and the part used for “Conversation”. It’s the same language, but how you use it changes drastically based on whether you’re doing magic or just chatting.

The language is to magic like what math is to science – it was never created, only notated. Humans discovered long ago (and even still continue to discover to this day) certain words have certain affects when applied to magic, much like certain numbers have certain properties when in science.

Proto-Celtic was a type of Vulgar Tengarsa, derived very incorrectly from the actual language of magic (like many other early/Proto- language forms around the world), and all the other languages since then that descended from Proto-Celtic were related heavily to Tengarsa. Today, one can still find many cognates from Tengarsa to Gaelic languages.

The name “Tengarsa” is from “Tenga Arsa”, and literally means “Old Tongue”.

The Basics of Tengarsa:


nyxelestia: Rose Icon (Default)
So, on my fanfiction.net profile, I have a thing going on where I say "Hi, I'm Nyxie!" in multiple languages, with a note that anyone can contribute another language to the list. So far, it's just been on FFN, but I figured if anyone here wants to contribute, go ahead. I'll always link back to your LJ or FFN Profile, which ever you prefer, when you provide a language. :)

This is also the post for anyone on FFN who does not have an account to send me a PM, but would still like to contribute a language. You can comment here "Anonymously" (meaning not signed into an account). You can leave me just a name, or if you have an account of some sort somewhere else (i.e. IJ, DW, a specific archive, or anything else), you can leave me with a URL to whatever you want me to link the contribution to. :)

And if you can, please leave an e-mail address so I can contact you to thank you, and let you know when I've put up the language on my profile! :D
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Here, ye learn about the articles of Anyael - all 18 of them, as opposed to the three we have in English: the, a, and some.

Articles in Anyael )
nyxelestia: Rose Icon (Default)
Verbs in Anyael )

You can see examples of all these verbs here.

Anyael

Jun. 3rd, 2010 08:58 am
nyxelestia: Rose Icon (Default)
Anyael is a conlang (constructed language) I am developing. It started out as me developing it for the sake of the novels I'm writing, but it quickly grew out from there. At this point, it's about one third me doing it for writing purposes and two thirds me doing this just for fun. (What? It is!)

Anyael 'History' )

Anyway, this post will serve as the master post for all things Anyael.

Anyael Index )

Dacorite

Dec. 20th, 2009 07:43 pm
nyxelestia: Rose Icon (Default)
So, me and a family friend are trying to make a new word in the English language (which I will late incorporate into my constructed language). The word is 'dacorite'.

The brief history behind it is on he was using an iTAP function on his phone where it would try to guess the word he was typing as he typed. Somehow, when he was trying to get, 'favorite', it gave him, 'dacorite'. *shrugs* Don't ask me. We looked it up on The Free Dictionary, found nothing, Googled it, found nothing, and decided to make up a new word in the English language with it.

In the noun form, a 'dacorite' is an incorrect word that comes up in place of the intended word. For example, if you're using a device that tries to guess what you are typing, and the word it guesses is incorrect, that is a dacorite. Or, if you intended to say one word but what you got was another, that is a dacorite. For example, the word on Hillary Clinton's "reset" button with Russia was a dacorite.

In the verb form, to dacorite means to say or give the incorrect and completely unrelated word to what you intended. i.e. many people dacorite when talking with an extraordinarily beautiful person that is way out of their league. To dacorite something is to mislabel something in a way that makes no sense. For example, Hillary Clinton dacorited that button like whoa.

In the adjective form, something that's dacorite is incorrect from what is intended, usually words but can be anything. For example, the word on that button to Russia was dacorite.

In adverb form, to do something dacoritely means to do incorrectly of what you intended. For example, people speak dacoritely when talking to the people of their dreams.

Please help us in our quest to make this a word by mentioning this as frequently as you can, writing out it, and using it like it has always been a word and defining it for people in a way that makes it sound as such.

Hopefully, we will one day have enough hits and uses of the word to warrant an entry on Wikipedia. From there, we can get on The Free Dictionary, and then onward to Oxford and Webster!

Spread the word! (Literally!)
nyxelestia: Rose Icon (Default)
I've been seeing a lot of people interested in translating spells into the Old English that is often used on BBC Merlin for their fics, but mostly relying on random, crappy Internet translators that ultimately don't do too much good in terms of translating.
 

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